# Compute the cost assigned to ending inventory using a FIFO, b LIFO, c weighted average, and dspecific identification For specific identification, the March 9 sale consisted of 60 units from b

When your goods for sale are distinct, like fine art, antiques or hand-tailored suits, the specific identification method for valuing inventory costs may be effective. Companies have a choice of inventory valuation methods under generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP) to value and record their cost of inventory. Cost of inventory will affect both cost of goods sold on the income statement and current assets on the balance sheet. Examples of inventory valuation methods include FIFO (First-in, First-out), LIFO (Last-in, Last-out), Weighted Average, and Specific Identification. Compute gross profit earned by the company for each of the four costing methods. Compute the cost assigned to ending inventory using (a) FIFO, (b) LIFO, (c) weighted average, and (d) specific identification.

Valuation of inventory is essential to a business firm because it is needed to calculate profits and is required as part of the US tax reporting system.

## Inventory Valuation Methods:

For specific identification, units sold include 100 units from the beginning inventory, 230 units from the Mar. 5 purchase, 80 units from the Mar. 18 purchase, and 120 units from the Mar. 25 purchase. Even if the items are all interchangeable, you may not have paid your suppliers the same price for all of them. Rather than identify which specific item you bought at which price, you can use various inventory measurement methods to handle the matter. Calculating the cost of goods sold (COGS) is essential to figuring out your income for the accounting period, the Corporate Finance Institute advises. Subtracting COGS from revenue gives you the company’s gross profits, aka gross margin.

• Subtract that from revenue, and you have the gross margin for February.
• Accounting Tools recommends a system for distinguishing one inventory item from another, such as sales tags with ID numbers or an RFID tag, when using this method.
• Valuation of inventory is essential to a business firm because it is needed to calculate profits and is required as part of the US tax reporting system.
• The total cost of the inventory items at the end of the accounting period gives you the total ending inventory cost.
• Figuring the cost of goods sold is simple if you sell dozens of interchangeable items.

To calculate ending inventory with the specific identification method, you track the exact purchase price and other costs related to individual items. The total cost of the inventory items at the end of the accounting period gives you the total ending inventory cost. Unlike the other inventory measurement methods, the specific identification method doesn’t assume all your goods are alike. Accounting Tools recommends a system for distinguishing one inventory item from another, such as sales tags with ID numbers or an RFID tag, when using this method. Even then, the specific identification method is more labor-intensive than other inventory measurement methods.

## Retail Accounting vs. Cost Accounting

The value of the ending inventory then becomes the beginning inventory for March. The average cost can be defined as the per-unit cost calculated by the business entity, considering the total cost incurred in the acquisition and the total units acquired. For each of the inventory valuation calculations, we will assume the perpetual inventory valuation approach is used except for Specific…

It entered into the following purchases and sales transactions for March. Adding \$6,000 for the three watches to \$16,000 and subtracting \$11,500 gives you a COGS of \$10,500. Subtract that from revenue, and you have the gross margin for February.

## How to Determine the Unit Sold From Inventory

Most companies that use it have small inventories of distinct, high-value items, such as an art gallery or a rare coin dealer. Inventory valuation methods are ways that companies place a monetary value on the items they have in their inventory. Discover different inventory valuation methods, including specific identification, First-In-First-Out (FIFO), Last-In-First-Out (LIFO), and weighted average. Figuring the cost of goods sold is simple if you sell dozens of interchangeable items. One non-stick frying pan is much like another, for instance, so you don’t need to tie specific costs to a specific pan.

• Even if the items are all interchangeable, you may not have paid your suppliers the same price for all of them.
• Most companies that use it have small inventories of distinct, high-value items, such as an art gallery or a rare coin dealer.
• Companies have a choice of inventory valuation methods under generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP) to value and record their cost of inventory.
• One non-stick frying pan is much like another, for instance, so you don’t need to tie specific costs to a specific pan.
• The value of the ending inventory then becomes the beginning inventory for March.